History of Crete / Archaeology
Monasteries / Churches
Geology / Palaeontology
Fossils / Place of finding
Ecological- / Nature conservancy
Country and People
Tours / Excursions
Πληροφορίες του NLUK
There are more than 5,000 caves on Crete. They are a unique and vulnerable part
of our natural history heritage and perform a fascination to human since ever.
Significant archives of the history of Earth lie down where present and past meet.
Caves contain valuable information about the development of human cultures and the
wildlife as well as provide information about the creation of the landscape and the
effects of climate and environmental changes.
Crete has half dozen caves that can be safely toured by a competent lead. Our leaflets
present this in particular but also “pristine” caves. If you plan to discover
untouched “pristine” caves, please abide the following principles: Never join
a cave alone. A certain amount of experience, appropriate equipment and caution should be
granted. These include the respectful treatment of these sensitive natural phenomena.
Therefore 3 guidance rules every visitor of a cave should take on board:
Rule 1: Destroy nothing! Do not damage stalactites or calc-sinter formations;
do not scratch words into cave walls, do not hit anything dead and respect the hibernation (bats).
Rule 2: Do not take anything away! Do not knock of anything to take it away as a
souvenir. Keep discoveries at their place and inform authorities. Excavations in deposits in front
and in the cave are prohibited (preservation order).
Rule 3:Do not let anything back! No fire in front of caves (smoke moves into the cave),
no use of torches as light source (coom production), take away your waste.
Openings in untouched caves are narrow and close. They are not isolated entities
but almost part of a large karst system, involved in a total cycle.
The figure shows “active” stalactites in the Gerani cave.
A stalactite is a limestone, hanging from the cave ceiling. His
counterpart is the stalagmite, “growing” from the ground.
Both words derive from the Greek στάλαγ
μα (same as σταλαγμό
ς, drop). Picture: Maria Eleftheria.
010-04/E - Excursion to Zoniana Cave
013-04/E - Excursion to the Labyrinth Cave
014-04/E - Excursion to the Eileithyia Cave
015-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Gernai
016-04/E - Excursion to the Trapéza Cave
017-04/E - Excursion to the Idaean Cave
018-04/E - Excursion to the Vreiko Cave
019-04/E - Excursion to the Caves
Agos Antonios & Fournare
021-04/E - Skotion Cave
022-04/E - Cave at Kalo Chorio
023-04/E - Caves of Matala
024-04/E - Excursion to the shaft cave at Lakonia
025-04/E - Excursion to the cave at Milatos
029-04/E - Excursion to the Apoloustres Cave
030-04/E - Excursion to the Melidóni Cave
035-04/E - Excursion to the Psychró Cave
038-04/E - Excursion to the Arkoudiótissa-Cave (“Bear’s den”)
039-04/E - Excursion to the Grotto at
042-04/E - Excursion to the cave of eremite John
044-04/E - Excursion to the Tsanis-Cave
045-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Keramoto
046-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Thériso
047-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Agia Sofia
053-04/E - Excursion to the Gulf cave of Meso Potami
066-05/E - "Hainospilios": Cave at Kamaraki
315-09/E - The Chaenospilios Cave at Kamaraki (II)
072-05/E - Cave at Prinos
073-05/E - Crevasse-Cave at Gergeri
107-05/E - Karst cave at Plaka
108-05/E - Agia Foteini Cave
115-05/E - Small dripstone cave between Amnatos and Arkadi
120-05/E - "Cult"-Cave at Xerókambos / Southeast Crete
124-05/E - Souré-Cave
(of the 99 holy fathers)
310-09/E - Cave with scratch sketches at Asfendhou
323-10/E - Cave Krioneridas
332-10/E - Dugout at Roufas
375-12/E - Peristeria Cave
490-14/E - “Water cave” at Sfakion, with exit to the open sea