There are more than 5,000 caves on Crete. They are a unique and vulnerable part of our natural history heritage and perform a fascination to human since ever. Significant archives of the history of Earth lie down where present and past meet. Caves contain valuable information about the development of human cultures and the wildlife as well as provide information about the creation of the landscape and the effects of climate and environmental changes.
Crete has half dozen caves that can be safely toured by a competent lead. Our leaflets present this in particular but also “pristine” caves. If you plan to discover untouched “pristine” caves, please abide the following principles: Never join a cave alone. A certain amount of experience, appropriate equipment and caution should be granted. These include the respectful treatment of these sensitive natural phenomena. Therefore 3 guidance rules every visitor of a cave should take on board:
Rule 1: Destroy nothing! Do not damage stalactites or calc-sinter formations; do not scratch words into cave walls, do not hit anything dead and respect the hibernation (bats).
Rule 2: Do not take anything away! Do not knock of anything to take it away as a souvenir. Keep discoveries at their place and inform authorities. Excavations in deposits in front and in the cave are prohibited (preservation order).
Rule 3:Do not let anything back! No fire in front of caves (smoke moves into the cave), no use of torches as light source (coom production), take away your waste.

Openings in untouched caves are narrow and close. They are not isolated entities but almost part of a large karst system, involved in a total cycle.


The figure shows “active” stalactites in the Gerani cave. A stalactite is a limestone, hanging from the cave ceiling. His counterpart is the stalagmite, “growing” from the ground. Both words derive from the Greek στάλαγ μα (same as σταλαγμό ς, drop). Picture: Maria Eleftheria.




Geographical Overview


010-04/E - Excursion to Zoniana Cave 013-04/E - Excursion to the Labyrinth Cave 014-04/E - Excursion to the Eileithyia Cave 015-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Gernai 016-04/E - Excursion to the Trapéza Cave 017-04/E - Excursion to the Idaean Cave 018-04/E - Excursion to the Vreiko Cave 019-04/E - Excursion to the Caves
Agos Antonios & Fournare
021-04/E - Skotion Cave 022-04/E - Cave at Kalo Chorio 023-04/E - Caves of Matala 024-04/E - Excursion to the shaft cave at Lakonia 025-04/E - Excursion to the cave at Milatos 029-04/E - Excursion to the Apoloustres Cave 030-04/E - Excursion to the Melidóni Cave 035-04/E - Excursion to the Psychró Cave 038-04/E - Excursion to the Arkoudiótissa-Cave (“Bear’s den”) 039-04/E - Excursion to the Grotto at
Ag. Paraskies
042-04/E - Excursion to the cave of eremite John 044-04/E - Excursion to the Tsanis-Cave 045-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Keramoto 046-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Thériso 047-04/E - Excursion to the Cave of Agia Sofia 053-04/E - Excursion to the Gulf cave of Meso Potami


066-05/E - "Hainospilios": Cave at Kamaraki 315-09/E - The Chaenospilios Cave at Kamaraki (II)


072-05/E - Cave at Prinos 073-05/E - Crevasse-Cave at Gergeri


107-05/E - Karst cave at Plaka 108-05/E - Agia Foteini Cave 115-05/E - Small dripstone cave between Amnatos and Arkadi 120-05/E - "Cult"-Cave at Xerókambos / Southeast Crete 124-05/E - Souré-Cave
(of the 99 holy fathers)


310-09/E - Cave with scratch sketches at Asfendhou 323-10/E - Cave Krioneridas 332-10/E - Dugout at Roufas 375-12/E - Peristeria Cave


490-14/E - “Water cave” at Sfakion, with exit to the open sea