History of Crete / Archaeology

The history of the „cradle of Europe“ is more than 8,000 years old, proved by archaeological findings from the late Neolithic at Crete. If „ Minos“ is not only a title, used by all Kings in Crete, for the Greek historians the mythical King Minos is the representative of the early Crete.
Even the time past the Minoan period was formative for the cultural development of Crete documented by archaeological findings. Ancient followed the Dorian era, hereafter the Roman and Byzantine period – finally the Ottomans (Turks) followed the Venetian era. (Leaflets 32 & 33)
All of them left marks to be found at Crete at every corner. Our Leaflets will report about known and unknown archaeological sites in Crete while our focus is based on the unknown sites.

Plan of a building within the excavation complex in Festos (South Crete)



Geographical Overview



G. Plath: The correlations of Kommos and Agia Triada under aspect of coastal alterations.



032-04/E - Eras of cultural development of Crete 033-04/E - Eras of cultural development of Crete II


005-04/E - Hiking on the table mountain Patéla 013-04/E - Prehistoric stone pit 021-04/E - The mystic Labyrinth 031-04/E - Excursion to the Aqueduct 049-04/E - Excursion to the necropolises of Armeni 051-04/E - Archaeological ruins and cisterns of Eleftherna 058-04/E - Minoan human sacrifice /
The Epimenides paradox
059-04/E - Minoan settlement places in Gouves and Panormo 060-04/E - The ancient Górtis 061-04/E - "Ravages of time"
062-04/E - Medieval village Etía

074-05/E - The ancient Faistos 075-05/E - Minoan settlement Gournia 080-05/E - Venetian ruin at Demati 086-05/E - The occupation of Crete during World War II - Operation "Mercury" 090-05/E - New grave find (with animals as burial object) in the Lassithi 099-05/E - Frangokastello: a fabled fort 102-05/E - The ancient Ìtanos / Vai 103-05/E - The ancient "Roussolakos" 104-05/E - The ancient Falásarna 118-05/E - "Cyclopean" wall and "megalithic" remains on Crete 125-05/E - Ancient graves at "Lappa" (Agriroupoli) 126-05/E - Minoan necropolis at Maroulas / Sacrilege on cultural assets 127-05/E - Minoan tholos tomb at Maleme / Northwest Crete

141-06/E - Minoan settlement NIROS in Vathianos Kampos 183-06/E - 2 Minoan archaeological sites at Archanes 191-06/E - Tholos tomb near Margarites

206-07/E - 2 ancient mansions in Makrygialos (South Crete)
Minoan and Roman building complex
223-07/E - Archaeological place in Limensa Chersonisos
(Roman and Byzantine relicts at the tourist village)
227-07/E - Roman Wall (Aqueduct) by Kastamonitsa / Lyttos 228-07/E - Villa of the Lillies & Sanctuary of Zeus Thenatas in Amnissos Antiquities

308-09/E - The mountain fortress Koules at Magarikari 309-09/E - The Venetian Fort "Kazarma"
in Sitia
312-09/E - The War museum in Askifou

325-10/E - Bunker from World War II at Vamos 329-10/E - The Minoan archaeological excavation site Phourni 335-10/E - The archaeological site Vassiliki 342-10/E - Praisos,
the old town of the Eteocretans

355-11/E - Military Museum in Chromonastiri 363-11/E - Crete in Greek mythology (1)

366-12/E - Aptera: stony witnesses of Crete's history 378-12/E - The Minoan Villa Niros 386-12/E - The ancient town Lyctos (Lyttos) by Kastelli / North Crete

404-13/E - First bishop of Crete:
the Holy Titus
405-13/E - Greeks were the 1st operators of beacon fire 410-13/E - About the history of the architectural culture of Crete

703-22E - Kamara in Agios Nikolaos