Geology / Palaeontology

During the Palaeocene (65.5-55.8 million years before today) the island of Crete was part of Aegean mainland. Its current form established through new soil movements and the quaternary earth folding in the Pliocene age (5.3-1.8 million years ago)
These tectonic operations cut off the island from the Aegean continental plate in their unusual, elongated narrow shape. New fractures and shifts of the Earth's crust have created the islands relief facing, the final today's form was last by movements of the fixed earth's crust. The latest strata are deposits from the Quaternary (1.8 million years), where mammal fossils can be found.

Marl-Cone in Potamida/North west Crete, sediment included fossils from the upper Miocene age


Geographical Overview


017-04/E - Geotope on Crete 043-04/E - Excursion to Omalos-Plateau 054-04/E - To the geomorphology of Crete 081-05/E - Geological structure of Crete 101-05/E - Geotype in Agios Pavlos 123-05/E - Earthquake on Crete


160-06/E - Santorin volcano exploded 100 years earlier!


400-12/E - Geological excursion Vrisses, Askifou to Chora Sfakion 412-13/E - Mirsini (Northeast Crete) offers a lot geological 413-13/E - About the gypsum deposits of Crete


Please see 2nd Page of the leaflet
for the individual topic

053-04/E - Palaeoanthropology I:
Homo floresiensis
054-04/E - Palaeoanthropology II:
Homo neanderthalensis
062-04/E - Palaeoanthropology III:
Homo heidelbergensis
063-05/E - Palaeoanthropology IV:
"Art at skulls"
066-05/E - Palaeoanthropology V:
"Tsantsa" - shrunken heads
074-05/E - Palaeoanthropology VI:
Pierolapithecus catalanicus



063-05/E - Triconometric connection of Crete to Africa 081-05/E - Lefka Ori (White Mountains)


115-05/E - Geo-Info IV: sinter forming: sinter tubule/cave pearls 123-05/E - GEO-Info V: Minerals: Gypsum / Sea salt